Downtown Albany Business Improvement District

Return of the Native: A 50 Year Retrospective


A Little Bit of Albany Nostalgia


Tribeca at 10

(constant need to innovate)


The Future is About Innovation


Many Types of Innovation


 Three Key Strategic Resources for United States

- "AAA" rating

-World's Reserve Currency

-English is the Language of Business and Science


All three are at risk, but is there a fourth?






"less is less but good enough"

cheaper, simpler, inferior products, activities or services  for non-consumers that are good enough to get the job done









Disruptive Innovation as a Twenty First Century Resource




Then:  1960



 Uncle Jim Fisk: Who wants to make a squiggle?


Nancy G I was on the Freddie Freihofer Show twice, once on my birthday and once on my sister's birthday. I was called on to do a squiggle and I was one of those obnoxious kids who wanted Freddie to make the squiggle into "You!" So he made it into a witch with a big nose. I remember sitting behind the birthday cakes, but my mother didn't buy one because she always made all our cakes.
Wasn't the Romper Room show also locally produced?
April 7, 2009 at 11:47pm 






NOW: 2010









Lesson #1: We Now  Live in an Interconnected, Networked  World



  Metcalfe's Law: Value of Network=  N Squared

(the number of possible connections is the square of the number of nodes)





Change Is the Only Constant; Change Is Fast; Change Is Hard




Innovation is Change



Innovation is Like a Bus





Lesson #2:  Get On the Bus, Get Off the Bus-- Just Don't Get in From of the Bus 




To Successfully Compete in the Twenty First Century:   Innovation, Innovation, Innovation



The Ingredients of Innovation :  Ideas, Invention, Internet, Investment




Is there a innovation framework for predicting success?  Disruptive Innovation



Guess Who Owns Underlying Patents for Google?






Interlude:  The Stanford Model (Office of Technology Licensing  "OTL" )








Is Innovation a Teachable, Scalable Skill?







The Formula: Disruptive Innovation 2.0.1



Looking at Disruptive Innovation Through a Series of Lenses


First Lens


- original theory of "Disruptive Innovation"

(Christensen '98  "Innovators Dilemma")  no internet mentioned


  Next Lens


  -Connection Technologies

                                  (facebook, twitter, wireless, the cloud, 5 billion smart phones, magic jack)



Next Lens



-Cathedral and Bazaar (Eric Raymond 1997)


Linux, wikipedia

"with enough eyeballs , all bugs are shallow"

"distributed problems require distributed solutions"  (BP?)

Cathedral and Bazaar can apply to almost anything


 Next Lens



-Threshold Resistance (Taubman 1948)


(to get people into the store, bring the door to the sidewalk)


    Next Lens



Component Innovation/ Linkage Innovation (Captain Terry Pierce 2005)


Custers Last Stand (left home the 4 Gattling guns)


(ipod/ipad v apps v itunes)


a painting is a component, an exhibition is a linkage



Disruptive Innovation 2.0 Works Across Many Domains


technology, healthcare, education, green initiatives, politics, culture, art, social problems ($10 mosquito net)



Future of Downtown/Capital District/Region


Refine the Brand(s)


The Capital Region Educational Network


Think Stanford OTL!  Leverage the University System-- connect it !!!!


What Are the Jobs to be done?


place to live, place to work, place to visit, public sphere


a place to integrate the physical and digital experience -




Tribeca 10 years later

Media Platfroms

For Profit Education



Albany 50 years later


artists, inventors, entrepreneurs, creatives, digital natives, wireless, video game developers--


Leap of Faith



they'll provide the creative capital and a sense of commnunity- you provide the infrastructure

and support



components, help provide the linkages-- a painting is a component, an art exhibit is a linkage

Cathedral (the mall) or Bazaar (festiva)l-- THINK BAZAARDRAL


Provide Linkages for Creative Ecosystem


The City of Creative Capital




Engineer Corp


Bankers Corp


Accountants Corp


Teach for America


Innovation.  Change.  Disruption.  Close your eyes and think about these words.  How does each word make you feel?  Innovation implies change.. For some people, change is hard.  But to paraphrase General Shinseki: if you dislike change you’ll dislike irrelevance even more.  Innovation on the other hand for some is exhilarating and others threatening.  Likes and dislikes.  This book is not about the like or dislike of anything; but is about a rather it is an effort to examine the impact of technological innovation on our futures.  It is a book about possibilities. 

In doing so we have borrowed an epic idea, disruptive innovation theory, fathered by Harvard Professor Clayton Christensen in the late 1990’s that was published first as an essay, Disruptive Technologies: Catching the Wave, in 1995.  In 1997 Christensen slightly revised his theory and published it as a best-selling book entitled Innovators Dilemma.  The revision: “disruptive technologies” was replaced by the concept of “disruptive innovation”. He reasoned that technologies themselves are not disruptive; their usage or applied business model is what creates the disruption.
In order to proceed we discovered that we might have to make a few modifications to his original theory to “bring forward” his framework to adjust for the second wave: the historically unprecedented technological change relating to the internet and general connectivity (the word internet does not appear in the original book Innovators Dilemma. introduced a few updates, flourishes and thought experiments (in consultation with Professor Christensen), and have “regifted” to him a reformulation of his original theory for his further consideration.  Ours is but one of many possible reformulations and hence we refer to our update/version as disruptive innovation 2.0.1.

The original theory was brilliant lens to explain and predict typically applied to industrial and commercial products or As Clay (we hereinafter refer to him as such) has begun applying his basic to other With his encouragement we have taken disruptive innovation theory
Harnessing  fire, invention of the wheel, the stirrup, the longbow, the printing press, the steam engine, the automobile, television, the internet.  Technologies themselves are not intrinsically disruptive but their general usage-tactical or strategic- and their related “business” models are.  This realization was the primary revision in thinking from an original originally article entitled Disruptive Technologies: Catching the Wave published by Professor Clayton Christensen first published Innovators Dilemma in 1998 officially presenting to the world the theory of disruptive innovation, the word internet did to appear in the book.


 Disruptive innovation theory has been suggested by some as the biggest idea to come along since Thomas Kuhn;s paradigm shift in the early 1960’s.  Furthermore in 1998 broadband penetration in the U.S. was barely 2 million households.  Mobile internet, pervasive connectivity including all types of devices such as smart phones, pda’s, ipods, ipads and kindles let alone search’s category killers google and  youtube, social media such as Facebook and Twitter (collectively coined in 2010 as “connection technologies” by the State Department’s young  e-diplomacy guru Jared Cohen) had yet to be perceived or even conceived for their vast disruptive potential.  
At around the same time as Christensen’s Innovator’s Dilemma, a computer hacker named Eric Raymond published an essay entitled Cathedral and the Bazaar that crisply articulated the improbable success of meta-geek Linus Torvald’s open source architecture for LINUX.  Raymond had penned a manifesto for the open source movement that had broad implications beyond writing and debugging computer code.  Netscape, Firefox, Wikipedia were greatly nfluenced by Raymond’s metaphor of the Cathedral and the Bazaar (CatB).

Yet fifty years earlier in 1948 a brash young architect nmed Alfred Taubman who was all of 24 years old came upon a bold idea and thoroughly disrutptive innovation for redesigning the retail industry’s revered Petrie Stores and pitched Mlton Petrie.  Taubman’s theory was known as   threshold resistance.




Cathedral and the Bazaar: A Re-intermediation Opportunity in Spaces for the Arts?

The Bus: A 9-Second Silent Film About Change


 A man late for a date in the Russian city of Perm....



-Parable of the Bus (getting on the bus)


-Change is Hard (Really Hard)


-Artists Always Lead the Way


-Art as Innovation (Clifford Ross)


-Innovation is an Art, Not a Science










Que Seurat, Seurat: Spaces for the Arts as Cultural Pointillism


File:Georges Seurat - Un dimanche après-midi à l'Île de la Grande Jatte.jpg









Ashton Skypes In As Twitter Founder Jack Dorsey Plays It Square

Highlight videos from Award Show


Blog Links from Disruptive Innovation Awards Show


2010 Inaugural Tribeca Disruptive Innovation Awards





 see Eric Qualman's blog










From Paradigm Shift (Kuhn 1962) to Disruptive Innovation Theory  (Christensen 1997)

File:Duck-Rabbit illusion.jpg 














Disruptive Innovation



a product or service that is simpler, cheaper or even inferior designed for a non-consumer or a non-existent market that is good enough to get the job done.








Message: It doesn't have to be that good; it just has to get the job


Less is More







So What's The Job To Be Done?










    Lifetime Achievement Award: 



Clayton Christensen

     Harvard Business School


 Father  of Disruptive Innovation Theory;

  Author, Innovators Dilemma; Disrupting Class; Innovators Prescription
















2010 Honorees:


The P.S. 22 Chorus

 5th Grade Class from Staten Island



Gregg Breinberg, Choral Director 

Melissa Donath, Principal














Connection Technologies


Jared Cohen & Jack Dorsey


read article from Stanford Magazine on Jared 














Jonathan Feinberg








go to www.xtranormal.com 







 The Cathedral and Bazaar

influential essay, 1998  open-source movement

                 Author, Eric Steven Raymond



                                         "with enough eyeballs all bugs will be shallow"

                                          "distributed problems require distributed solutions"

                                           "release early, release often"



click here for CatB Essay 








"Threshold Resistance"


        Alfred Taubman



 read  New Yorker article by Malcolm Gladwell  on  Al Taubman and "Threshold Resistance"














     Ashton Kutcher

(Connection Technologies Early Adopter)









The Square


Product to Watch:

Jack Dorsey









Texts Without Context 

New York Times article

 Author, Michiko Kakutani


















Clifford Ross - R1